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Saturday, 25 October 2008


The Eco-Friendly Diwali

Student Jobs - RISO DTU

Predictions of compressive failure in fiber reinforced composites (AFM-55)

The project involves nonlinear finite element modeling using the commercial finite element code ABAQUS. The project involves using a newly developed user material subroutine and can ether include application of the model on specific problems or improvement of the implemented model.

Composites based on natural fibres and bio-polymers (AFM-56)

Natural fibre composites have found increased international interest during the last decade. Traditionally, new materials have been developed in order to solve technological problems within the aerospace, military, sport or medicine fields, whereas natural fibre composites are also developed in another perspective; they must meet the demands in society of being sustainable materials.

Simulation of skull fracture using finite element (AFM-57)

Based on finite element models of specific suspicious skull fracture cases, a dynamic finite element simulation of the fracture process will be performed. The finite element model will be extracted from a CT-scan of the specific case and the simulation can e.g. focused on the influence on the spongius layer in the skull and the influence of a detailed dynamic cohesive element model on the subsequently crack predictions.

Source : RISO

Thursday, 23 October 2008

Vestas Receives Turbine Orders from Spain, Turkey, China and Italy

Vestas announced last week that is has received orders for its turbines totaling more than 314 megawatts (MW). The turbines are meant for projects in Spain, Turkey, China and Italy.

All of the contracts call for the delivery of the wind turbines to take place in 2009.
Eighteen units of the V90-3.0 MW turbine and 25 units of the V90-1.8 MW turbine will be delivered for two projects in Spain. The contract comprises supply, installation, a VestasOnline Business SCADA solution, as well as a five-year service agreement. The order has been placed by EDP Renováveis. The wind turbines will be for projects located in Terra Alta in the province of Tarragona, Catalonia.

Twenty six V90-1.8 MW, 5 V90-3.0 MW, and 20 V90-2.0 MW turbines will be installed in Italy across the regions of Apulia and Molise. The order comprises supply and installation of the turbines, a VestasOnline Business SCADA system as well as a two-year service agreement. The order has been placed by IVPC Power 5, the project company of IVPC. Of this order, 62 MW of capacity will be installed in the region of Apulia and the remaining 40 MW will be installed in the Molise region.

Five units of the V90-3.0 MW wind turbine are meant for the Ayyıldız project located in the Balıkesir province in the north-western part of Turkey. The order has been placed by Akenerji Elektrik Uretim A.S., a subsidiary of Akkok Holding.

One hundred and sixteen of Vestas' V52-850 kilowatt wind turbines have been ordered for the Suniteyou
Wind Farm III and IV in Xilinguole City, China. The order was received from China Guangdong Nuclear Wind Power Co. Ltd.

All of the contracts call for the delivery of the wind turbines to take place in 2009.

Source : RE


Employment News issue dated 25.10.08 contains several attractive advertisements from some of the leading PSU/GOVT. Departments as below:-
General Reserve Engineer Force invites applications for filling up 2210 posts in various trades.
Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (Chandigarh, Andhra Pradesh, J&K and Uttaranchal) requires 803 Telecom Technical Assistants.
Department of Posts requires 390 Postal Assistants and Sorting Assistants.
Steel Authority of India Limited requires 250 Diploma Engineers (Trainee).
The Oriental Insurance Company Limited needs 150 Administrative Officers (Scale-I).
Defence Research and Development Organization declares the results of written examinations of DRDO SET 2008 held on 07.09.2008.
Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur requires 34 Executive Engineers, Jr. Engineer, Jr. Assistant and Jr. Technician etc.
State Bank of India declares the results for the posts of Probationary Officers.
The Indian Navy invites applications for grant of Short Service Commission in Submarine Cadre (Technical Branches).
NHPC Limited invites applications for various posts of Trainee Engineers & Trainee Officers.
Agricultural Scientists Recruitment Board notifies Agricultural Research Service/National Eligibility Test Examination-2009.
National Institute of Virology, Pune invites applications for the posts of Research Scientists, Technical Officers, Research Assistants etc.
Ministry of Defence, Defence Research and Development organizations invites applications for various posts of Scientists.
NMDC Limited invites applications for recruitment for the posts of Joint General Manager/Dy. General Manager, Assistant General Manager and Managers.
Food Safety and Standards Authority of India requires Dy. Director, Assistant Director, Sr. Private Secretary, Stenographer etc.
Railway Recruitment Board, Chennai declares the results of online examination held on 20th, 21st, 27th and 28th September, 2008.
Union Public Service Commission invites applications for various posts.
Faculty of Management Studies (FMS), University of Delhi announces admission to full time Management Programmes (MBA) beginning July, 2009.
The Shipping Corporation of India Limited invites applications for Trainee Navigating Officer Cadets (TNOCs).
Reserve Bank of India Services Board, Mumbai declares the results of written examination held on August 24, September 21st, 2008.
MSME Tool Room, Hyderabad offers admission to various Technical courses.
Telecom Disputes Settlement & Appellate Tribunal invites applications for the posts of Dy. Registrar, Accounts Officer, Pvt. Secretary, Assistants etc.
Railway Recruitment Board, Gorakhpur declares the results of written examination held on 14.09.2008.
Hindustan Insecticides Limited needs Finance Manager, Dy. Finance Manage or Asst. Finance Manager, Mechanical Engineers etc.
Institute of Human Behavior and Allied Sciences invites applications for the posts of Professors, Additional Professors, Asst. Professors, Executive Engineers etc.
Railway Recruitment Board, Ajmer declares the results for the posts of Stenographer, Clerk-cum-Typist, Ticket Collector etc.
Employment News issue dated 25.10.2008 contains advertisement for job vacancies of more than 73 Govt. Departments.

For more details Pls check... Employment News 25.10.08

Wednesday, 22 October 2008

Workshop on Future Energy Systems

What is the fast way to the future’s energy system with lower CO2 emissions?

to be held 19 - 20 November 2008 at DTU in Lyngby

In the coming years, energy systems will be changed to a combination of central units and a number of smaller decentralized units – to a large extent based on renewable energy or other local and industry based energy production.
At the same time there will be a tight coupling between energy production and end user with extensive use of information- and communication technology.

The workshop raises the pressing question:
How could the future energy system be developed toward lower CO2 emissions on the basis of known low CO2 energy technologies?

The workshop will assess the perspectives for a rapid development of energy systems with more renewable energy in order to reduce the CO2 emissions. The workshop will further give recommendations for the implementation of such energy systems. The recommendations will be targeted for the research community, the industry and public authori-ties. The recommendations will include opportunities for synergy in order to create greater innovation power and market enterprise.

Risø Energy Report 7 will be presented as introduction to the workshop by a number of the authors. The rest of the workshop alternates between presentations and working groups on the global energy situation, the European perspective and conclusions for the consequences for Denmark. The workshop will deal with aspects of research, technology, industry and regulation through presentations, working groups and discussions in plenum.

The workshop is for

industry representatives
representatives from government and government agencies
representatives from EU
international and supranational organisations

We invite participants from research institutes at the forefront of technology, companies with a track record of in-volvement in developing new technology in partnership with others, and both Danish and international governmental consultants.

Reporting from the workshop
A report from the workshop will be prepared and used as input for the final high level conference on 19 September 2009, where DTU will present a summary of climate change technology solutions and viewpoints.

The workshop takes place at DTU Campus, Auditorium 13, building 308, Richard Petersens Plads, 2800 Lyngby, Denmark.

Working language
The working language is English and no translation will be provided.

The workshop is free of charge inclusive workshop lunch and dinner as well as transport from and to the recommended hotels.

Please register here no later than 10 November 2008.

At registration please indicate your preferences with regard to the five parallel working groups.

Our suggestions for hotel accommodation are Hotel Square, Rådhuspladsen, Copenhagen or Hotel Eremitage, 2800 Kgs. Lyngby
Booking and payment is your own responsibility.

We will arrange bus service from central points near the recommended hotels.

The workshop is a part of DTU Climate Change Technologies
DTU Climate Change Technologies is a research programme run by the Technical University of Denmark. Its primary objective is to provide a firm platform from which to develop and apply new technological solutions to climate change issues. Focusing on climate change and energy generation, the programme seeks to create and test technologies which reduce CO2 emissions and can support industrial production and welfare in adapting to climate changes.

As a part of the programme The Technical University of Denmark has arranged a series of workshops and confe-rences on energy and climate change technology. The focus will be on technologies that are quick to develop and ap-ply. DTUs aim is to promote co-operation between universities, industries and governments and speed up the adoption of technologies and energy systems. The workshops will lead to practical research and development programmes and partnerships.

Read more on DTU Climate Change Technologies.

Risø Energy Report series
Risø Energy Report 7 will be released as introduction to the workshop. This series deals with global, regional and na-tional perspectives on current and future energy issues.

Risø Energy Report 7 “Future low carbon energy systems” takes its point of reference in the recommendations from the IPCC in 2007. IPCC states that if anticipated climate change is to remain in the order of 2 to 3 degrees over the next century then the world’s CO2 emissions must peak within the next 10 – 15 years and ultimately by the middle of the century be reduced to app. 50% of present level.

The report presents status and trends for the energy systems in a Danish, European and OECD perspective. Status and perspectives for the large rapidly growing developing country economies like India and China is also presented, as well as for typical least developed countries e.g. in Africa. A special focus is put on how future energy development and systems might be composed in these three country groupings, and to which extent the different technologies might contribute.

The report further identifies system options and technology mixes that can lead to the emissions peak in 2020 and 50% reduction in the long run at the Danish and Global level.

Read more on Risø Energy Report series

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles

GM's Future: See It With Your Own Eyes

By Jeff Siegel
Tuesday, May 20th, 2008

I'll be the first to admit it.
Over the past few years especially, I've had little sympathy for some of the major auto-makers that have been losing loads of cash. The way we see it, they brought it on themselves by trying to force the market, instead of supplying it properly.
Especially General Motors.
Back in 1997 GM had an opportunity to lead the world in fuel efficiency with their electric vehicle, the EV1.
The EV1 was an electric car (with an 80-mile range) that GM introduced before the California Air Resource Board's (CARB) original Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) mandate went into effect.
The mandate required 2% of all new cars sold by the seven major auto-makers in California to meet "zero emission" standards by 1998, and 10% by 2003.
But GM, along with nearly every other major auto-maker, played both sides of the coin. While the EV1 was selling, and Toyota, Nissan and Honda were developing prototypes, the big auto-makers also aggressively tried to kill the ZEV mandate.
They were successful.
The lawyers got paid, the chairman of CARB got a cushy new job with the fuel cell institute (after manipulating the hearings on the ZEV to cater to the auto-makers while silencing ZEV advocates), and the EV1 was forced into extinction.
In 2006, this tragic story came to life in the documentary, "Who Killed The Electric Car?" And those who saw the movie called bullsh%$ on the world's biggest auto-maker.
Now, fast-forward to today - 2008.
The Toyota Prius is one of the most popular vehicles on the road. Its exceptional fuel efficiency has helped the company sell more than 1 million units. And as gas prices continue to rise, so does the demand for fuel efficiency.
Every major auto-maker is now offering hybrid versions of their vehicles. And most industry insiders agree that over the next decade, nearly every vehicle on the road will be some version of a hybrid. That includes GM.
In fact, GM, despite years of mediocrity, complacency and bad ideas, may actually have a shot at jumping to the head of the line when it comes to fuel efficiency.
Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles: They Finally Get It!
It's hard for a cynic like me to believe, but it's starting to look like GM may actually be the next major auto-maker to raise the bar in fuel efficiency.
Not counting the insanely efficient vehicles that some smaller companies and garage engineers have already built, of course.
The bottom line is that these guys have no choice.
The oil supply crunch is becoming more and more apparent every day. Gas prices are only going up from here, and consumers are freaking out.
But while some will continue to demand that the government step in and "fix" this problem - which you and I both know is not an option - it will have to be an increase in fuel efficiency to keep our personal transportation moving.
And GM knows this. They finally get it. They've finally decided to stop dictating consumer behavior, and start embracing it.
They're doing it with the Chevy Volt.
The Volt is a Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) that can deliver 40 miles in all-electric mode.
To give you a frame of reference, the Bureau of Transportation Statistics has indicated that U.S. commuters drive an average of 29 miles per day. For those who fall into this category, driving to work won't cost a single penny in gasoline costs. And if you go beyond the 40-mile range, the Volt's gas-powered engine kicks in, both propelling the vehicle and feeding an onboard generator that produces electricity while the car is operating.
Last week I attended the Alternative Fuels and Vehicles Conference in Las Vegas, where I had the opportunity to speak with a couple GM reps, and also see the Volt.
For a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle, this sure as hell isn't some tinker toy car.
Take a look at these pictures:

It is our hope that GM will be successful with the Volt. It's a big game changer, and finally gives GM some much needed credibility with consumers seeking fuel efficiency.
Don't get me wrong. If they balk or continue to press Congress on inadequate fuel efficiency measures, I won't hesitate to call them out. We have to.
But I have to be honest. There was definitely a different attitude at this year's conference. There were no excuses about past decisions. In fact, there was much acknowledgement of GM's less-than-stellar past performance in the area of fuel efficiency.
These guys finally seem focused.
And we're eagerly awaiting 2011—when the vehicle should finally hit the market.
In the meantime, we remain bullish on the high-performance battery companies that continue to pick up momentum as GM and other major auto-makers begin to embrace PHEVs - the absolute best near-term solution to our oil crisis.
These batteries represent the next generation of fuel for personal transportation. They will enable a significant decrease in oil consumption, carbon emissions and infrastructure vulnerability.
The transitional energy economy is upon is, my friends.
Embrace it.
Profit from it!
To a new way of life, and a new generation of wealth...


Source : Green chips

Technology to produce biodiesel from Algae to be developed

COIMBATORE: With the urgent need to replace petroleum transporation fuels in future, due to volatality in the oil prices, Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd (BPCL) on Monday inked a memorandum of understanding with Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (TNAU) to develop alternative renewable energy technology.

The broad objective of the MoU was to develop a pilot plant technology for biodiesel production from algae, which possessed excellent biological frame work in its cellular capabilities, including more than 30 per cent of oil in its composition, Dr M A Siddiqui, Executive Director (R and D), BPCL, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, told reporters here.

Courtesy:Economic Times


Congrats to Indian Scientist /Government / all who supported the Chandhrayaan Mission

It's from India My Land... Never giving excuses for it's failure... Have it's Goal... Working always towards that Goal... Always Makes it's People Proud...
It's none other than ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation)

After today's successful launch of Chandhrayaan_I... A question raised in my's worth to share with all of you (Proud Indians)... IF IT'S POSSIBLE FOR ISRO... WHY IT'S NOT FOR ALL OTHER PEOPLE IN INDIA, GOVERNMENT ORGANISATIONS, STATE / CENTRAL GOVERNMENTS, ?

Chandrayaan-1 placed in transfer orbit

Sriharikota (PTI): Chandrayaan-1, India's maiden moon spacecraft, was on Wednesday put into Transfer Orbit around the earth by the Polar Launch Vehicle PSLV-C11 about 19 minutes after it blasted off from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre here.

The 1,380 kg Chandrayaan-1, carrying 11 payloads, was released into a Tansfer Orbit at a perigee (nearest point to earth) of about 250 km and apogee (farthest point from the earth ) of about 23,000 km, 18.2 minutes after the PSLV-C11 blasted off as the scientists broke into jubiliation at the mission control centre.

After a series of procedures over the next two weeks, the spacecraft would reach its desired Lunar orbit and placed at a height of 100 km from the Lunar surface, marking the operational phase of the mission which would put India in the elite lunar club.

Earlier, at the end of the 49-hour countdown, the 44.4 meter tall four-stage PSLV-11 lifted off from the second launch pad into a cloudy sky.

This is the 14th flight of ISRO's workhorse PSLV, which had launched 29 satellites into a variety of orbits since 1993, and 13th successive one in a row.

Chandrayaan-1 is carrying 11 payloads, five entirely designed and developed in India, three from European Space Agency, one from Bulgaria and two from US, which would explore the Moon over the next two years.

Indian Space Research Organisation Chairman G Madhavan Nair described the successful launch as a historic moment in India's space programme.

"The launch was perfect and precise. The satellite has been placed in the earth orbit. With this, we have completed the first leg of the mission and it will take 15 days to reach the lunar orbit," Nair announced in the mission control centre shortly after PSLV-C11 put the spacecraft in a transfer orbit.

After circling the earth in its highly elliptical Transfer Orbit for a while, Chandrayaan-1 would be taken into more elliptical orbits by repeated firing of the spacecraft's Liquid Apogee Motor (LAM) at opportune moments.

Subsequently, the LAM would be again fired to take the spacecraft to the vicinity of the moon by following a Lunar Transfer Trajecctory (LTT) path, whose apogee lies at 3,87,000 km.

Later, when Chandrayaan-1 reaches the vicinity of the moon, its LAM would be fired again so as to slow down the spacecraft sufficiently to enable the gravity of the moon to capture it into an elliptical orbit. The next step would be to reduce the height of the spacecraft orbit around the moon in various steps.

After some more procedures, Chandrayaan-1's orbit would be finally lowered to its intended 100 km height from the lunar surface, which was expected to take place around November 8.

Later, the Moon Impact Probe would be ejected from Chandrayaan-1 in a chosen area following which the cameras and other payloads would be turned on and thoroughly tested, marking the operational phase of the mission

Chandrayaan-1 aims at achieving expansion of scientific knowledge about Moon, upgradation of Indian technological capability and providing challenging opportunities for planetary research to young scientists.

The objectives would be achieved through high-resolution remote sensing of moon in the visible, near infrared, microwave and x-ray region of electromagnetic spectrum.

The eleven payloads, five designed and developed in India, three from European Space Agency, one from Bulgaria and two from NASA, would expand various scientific knowledge about the moon.

The Indian payloads included Terrain Mapping Camera, Hyperspectral Imager, Lunar Laser Ranging Instrument, High Energy X-ray Spectrometer and Moon Impact Probe.

Chandrayaan-1 was built at ISRO's Satellite Centre, Bangalore, with contribution from various wings of the space agency, including the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre in Thiruvananthapuram.

The ground facilities of Chandrayaan-I would perform the highly important task of receiving the microwave containing the health information of the spacecraft as well as the valuable scientific information, which the spacecraft sends.

It also transmits the radio commands to be sent to the spacecraft during all the phases of its mission.

Source : The Hindu

Enjoy the Videos from BBC (Thanks : BBC NEWS)

India sets its sights on the Moon

India launches first Moon mission

Tuesday, 21 October 2008

க‌லைஞ‌ர் பார்த்து மனம் க‌ல‌ங்கிய‌ குறுவ‌ட்டு

Thanks to :

for the people by the people

இலங்கை தமிழர்களின் நிலை

எதுவும் வேண்டாம்... இலங்கை தமிழர்களின் நிலை கண்ட என் நிலை... விளக்க இக்கவிதை போதாததுதான்....

இலங்கை தமிழர்களின் நிலை கண்ட என் நிலை... விளக்க இக்கவிதை போதாததுதான்....

Sunday, 19 October 2008


For your Camera...

Thanks To; Mr.Raghav from Everyday for sharing this info

Saturday, 18 October 2008

மீண்டும் பசுமை புரட்சி [Green Revolution] -Written in Tamil]

A poem about Green Revolution?!...

I written this for new year "Green revolution as resolution of the year and year to come"

Friday, 17 October 2008

Funny but Not For all...Slowdown: IT execs marriages on hold

HYDERABAD: The global recessionary trends have affected the young employees of the Indian software industry in Hyderabad in more than one-way.

While on one hand it is has spelt job loss fear, on the other hand, the parents of brides-to-be are no longer in search of IT grooms for their daughters.

The global recessionary trends have certainly scared the parents of would be brides who have apprehensions about the fluctuating signs in the information technology sector.

A mother of a would-be bride said she would prefer non-IT professionals for her daughter seeing the latest trend.

"It fluctuates. Day-to-day it can change. What is happening now could be a short phase," said Sharda Singh, mother of a would- be bride.

A father of a would-be bride expressed his concern too saying these ups and downs are bound to take place in any economy.

"There will be some ups and downs in anybody's life like that any sector in a country or the world can also have its ups and downs," said Rama Rao, father of a would be bride.

Some parents said they did not want to take interest in the marriage proposals of IT professionals any more as they were too scared of recessionary trends.

"I am very afraid of its effects," said S Krishna, father of a would- be bride.

India's IT export growth could be slower than its July forecast of a 21-24 per cent rise to about 50 billion dollars in the year to March, lobby group National Association of Software and Service Companies said last month.

Europe and Asia are big clients of Indian IT companies such as Tata Consultancy, Infosys Technologies, Wipro and Satyam Computer.

Some outsourcers may cut their dollar revenue forecasts due to a downturn in the US market, which contributes more than half their revenue, analysts said.

Indian IT firms have also been expanding in Europe and elsewhere to cut their dependence on US. But the risk of global recession is a worry for the sector, which was used to a scorching pace of growth.

Source : ET

Birthday Greetings To Dr. APJ. Abdul Kalam

Learn More Languages

Learn Languages you like / wish to learn

Here you can learn

Kindly share with your friends and family

Thanks: BBC

Thursday, 16 October 2008


Employment News issue dated 18.10.08 contains several attractive advertisements from some of the leading PSU/GOVT. Departments as below:-
Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited, Shillong, Bhubaneswar and Raipur invite applications for 256 vacancies of Telecom Technical Assistants.
Bank of Baroda requires 200 Agriculture Officers.
Central Board of Secondary Education requires 38 Assistant, PRA, Stenographer and Junior Assistant.
Banaras Hindu University invites applications for various posts of Professor, Reader and Lecturer etc.
University of Pune requires Readers and Lecturers.
Delhi Subordinate Services Selection Board declares the result of Drivers (Post Code 187/07) in DTC.
Union Public Service Commission notifies National Defence Academy and Naval Academy Examination (I) 2009.
West Central Railway requires 16 Sports persons against ‘Sports Quota’ for Group ‘C’ & ‘D’.
Indian Institute of Technology Punjab invites applications for various Faculties, Registrar, Institute Engineer, Dy. Registrar etc.
Railway Recruitment Board, Guwahati declares the result of written examination held on 21st -23rd July, 2008.
Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Thiruvananthapuram invites applications for the posts of Professor, Associate Professor and Assistant Professor.
Council for Advancement of People’s Action and Rural Technology requires Assistant Director, Editor, Programmer and Stenographer etc.
Motilal Nehru College invites applications for the posts of Hindi Stenographer, Jr. Assistant-cum-Typist, Office Attendant, Lab Attendant etc.
Union Public Service Commission declares the result of Central Police Forces (Asst. Commandants) Exam, 2007.
Railway Recruitment Board, Bhopal declares the results of written examination held on 20.01.2008.
Institute of Engineering & Technology, Lucknow invites applications for various Teaching posts.
Employment News issue dated 18.10.2008 contains advertisement for job vacancies of more than 65 Govt. Departments.

Book your copy of Employment News immediately with your local Book Seller.

For More details read here

Thanks: Editor Employment News

Asst Manager - Contracts - Areva - Chennai


Areva is a leading French Fortune 500 MNC company.

One of the top three global players in the transmission and distribution of energy, over 100 years of expertise and dedication in bringing power to people worldwide. With manufacturing facilities in 43 in turning the wheels of industry and facilitating the trading of energy

We have 25,500 employees worldwide with 30,000 customers in 160 countries with the sales turnover of � 12 billion

Global presence
No 1 in Nuclear power
No 3 in Transmission & Distribution


Designation Asst Manager - Contracts
Job Description To identify and support Project & tender on evaluation & controlling the Risk analysis, Claims, legal & taxation disputes during development of the contract.

Implement contract reporting in order to control and assess the unrolling of the contracts.

To coordinate reviews & identify the key parameters of planning in order to respect and improve the deadline of the contract.

To provide support in Identifying, controlling risk & opportunity at tender & execution with the help of Project management & support functions in order to secure the development of the contract.

Co-ordinate project team in order to ensure the development of the contract and the respect of the procedures of the unit.

Identify and co-ordinate the external participants in order to ensure the development of the contract.
Desired Profile Engineering degree in Electrical or Mechanical

3 to 6 years - Experience in handling contracts preferred

SAP - SD module

Knowledge on circuit breakers, T&D Market & products.
Experience 3 - 6 Years
Industry Type Oil and Gas/ Power/Infrastructure/Energy
Functional Area Site Engg., Project Management
Education UG - B.Tech/B.E. - Any Specialization
PG - Any PG Course - Any Specialization;Post Graduation Not Required
Location Chennai
Keywords Contracts Execution
Areva T&D India
Website http://
Job Posted 09 Oct
Reference Frank / Cont

Speech of Sushilkumar Shinde on US-India Business Council’s “Green India” Summit at Washington

12:1 IST
Following is the full text of the speech of the Union Minister of Power, Shri Sushilkumar Shinde on US-India Business Council’s “Green India” Summit delivered at Washington on 15th October, 2008:

“It gives me immense pleasure to be with you today at the US India Business Council’s Green India Summit. The US India Business Council has been making tremendous efforts at giving a concrete shape to the ongoing cooperation and collaboration between our two countries. I am sure that this Council will further serve to draw not just the two business communities in our countries closer, but also our two great peoples.

The cooperation between our two great democracies has never been better. Last week’s signing of the Agreement between India and the US for Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy has opened the door for India to engage with the rest of the world as an equal partner in civil nuclear cooperation. This will go a long way in addressing our energy deficit, which today is the primary constraint on accelerating our economic growth. This initiative will give an impetus to India’s economic growth and sustainable development. Growth of nuclear energy in India will also help us address the challenges of climate change and global energy security.

We hope that this cooperation with the US will help us add 40,000 MW by the year 2020. This obviously is a great opportunity to also strengthen our economic ties for mutual benefit. Apart from the new nuclear power plants, the dismantling of technology denial regimes targeted at India will create further economic and commercial synergy between our nations.

Friends, India’s path of development is based on both its own unique resource endowments, as well as the underlying premise of using every resource that India can access in an efficient and sustainable manner. Rapid economic growth and poverty eradication are the twin goals that we have alongwith our deep belief and adherence to our civilisational legacy, which places the highest value on the environment and maintenance of ecological balance. For us in India, sustainable development is an article of faith. We intend to use all available energy resources towards the well being of the people of India: a large percentage of whom have remained deprived from access to commercial energy.

Enhancing energy supply and access is, therefore, a key component of our national development strategy. We plan to increase per capita availability of electricity to 1000 units by year 2012 by harnessing various sources of energy in the cleanest possible way. The choice of fuel is often guided by the geographical location, availability and affordability.

India is one of the first developing countries which had achieved the unique distinction of successfully achieving the decoupling of economic growth from energy use. This is reflected in the rapid decline in energy intensity in the recent past despite the fact that our economy grew at the rate of about 9%. The IEA publication of 2008 brings out clearly that India, with an energy intensity of 0.14 tonnes of oil equivalent is comparable with the advanced countries and is better than China and other developing countries. Despite this India has taken a proactive approach to further improve efficiency both in energy demand and down the supply chain. Special efforts are being made for the development of renewables and promotion of energy efficiency.

The new Electricity Act enacted in the year 2003, requires that distribution companies must buy a part of their total electricity from renewable sources. The regulators also give preferential prices for power from renewable sources. Over the past three years this has resulted in the addition of about 7000 MW of renewable-electricity capacity, bringing the total installed capacity of renewables to over 12,000 MW.

Out of this, 7000 MW is based on wind power, ranking India as the fourth largest wind power producer in the world. Our National Policy places the highest priority on the development of all possible potential of hydro electricity which is a clean and renewable source of energy. The share of hydro power in India has risen to 36,000 MW and we intend to add about 16,500 MW more of hydro power in the next 5 years.

While we stress the increase in generation, we are also vigorously pursuing energy conservation measures. We enacted the Energy Conservation Act in 2001 and the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) was set up at the national level. This has given a major thrust to our efforts to increase energy efficiency in various sectors.

Sustainable and accelerated economic growth in the country requires commensurate growth in demand for energy. This demand growth has had an adverse effect on energy security of the country, not only due to the price volatility in the oil and gas market but also on account of supply constraints. Energy Conservation is a vital policy tool in our quest to promote energy efficiency as a cost effective and environmentally benign supplement to the overall energy sector strategy. We are striving to reduce energy intensity of the economy by using a combination of appropriate regulatory frameworks, leadership and best-practice emulation programmes, and outreach and awareness campaigns. The Government of India is committed to the pursuit of our quest towards evolving a credible and sustainable national energy efficiency and conservation agenda and thereby stimulating market transformation in favour of energy efficient technologies and products.

Latest in our series of efforts is the Prime Minister’s pronouncement of the National Action Plan on Climate Change. The Action Plan has identified eight missions, including the National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency with a view to initiate result oriented time bound mechanism for achieving the objective of sustainable and rapid economic growth alongwith effectively dealing with the global threat of climate change. The Action Plan has scaled up the energy efficiency efforts on a Mission mode and we have set ourselves an ambitious target of achieving savings of 5% of energy consumption by way of energy conservation measures by the year 2012. In the first year of the plan, that is in the year 2007-2008, we have been able to achieve 623 MW of avoided capacity.

A National Solar Mission has also been launched as a part of the National Action Plan on Climate Change to significantly increase the share of solar energy in the total energy mix while recognizing the need to expand the scope of other renewable and non-fossil options such as nuclear energy, wind energy and bio-mass. India is a tropical country, where sunshine is available for longer hours per day and in great intensity. Solar energy, therefore, has great potential as a future energy source. It also has the advantage of permitting decentralized distribution of energy, thereby empowering people at the grassroots level. Photovoltaic cells are becoming cheaper with new technology. There are newer, reflector-based technologies that could enable setting up megawatt scale solar power plants across the country. Another aspect of the Solar Mission would be to launch a major R&D programme, which could also draw upon international cooperation, to enable the creation of more affordable and convenient solar power systems and to promote innovations that enable the storage of solar power for sustained, long-term use. The details of this mission are under preparation. I am sure this will provide the much needed stimulus to solar energy in India.

Friends, today the world faces the reality of global warming and its impact would not be an isolated occurrence confined to the countries which have contributed towards accumulating the carbon footprint but the future of the entire planet is at stake and successful resolution of this crisis would largely depend on how we globally tackle this challenge.

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is the main framework for international action to address climate change. The convention recognizes that countries are at different levels of development and provides for common but differentiated responsibilities of the countries. India’s per capita emission is still amongst the lowest in the world. I may point out that this is just 23% of the global average.

We are aware of the historical developments that have led to the precarious environmental balance today. India and United States share a common concern regarding the energy crisis and have an effective cooperation programme that is ongoing. Under the US-India Energy Dialogue, we both aim at strengthening energy security, promoting stable energy markets and managing green house gas emissions.

India has taken a major lead in participating in the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) programme and is diligently pursuing, in partnership with United States and other countries, the goal for cleaner environment through the Asia Pacific Partnership on Climate Change and Development. India is also an active member of Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum. We are the first partner of the United States in the development of near emission free power from coal in the Future Gen Project. The Future Gen initiative was progressing well, however, due to some compulsions the United States decided to shelve the project and we lost an excellent initiative. We are willing to be in the vanguard of any clean and efficient power development initiative.

However, I would like to clarify that asking developing, populous countries like India to take up Carbon Capture Storage schemes at such an early stage of the development of this technology may not be acceptable. We are willing to participate in any R&D on Carbon Capture and Storage, but unless the commercial viability of the technology is fully established and its safety features amply proved, it would just not be appropriate for India to take up such a project even at the demonstration level. There is another important factor that cannot be overlooked. I understand that Carbon Capture and Storage will double the cost of generation and that would definitely be difficult to accept for developing nations.

I am of the firm belief that cleaner power development technologies must be developed and shared through international cooperation. If we believe that climate change is a genuine global concern, we should not leave the dispersal and proliferation of cleaner energy technologies to market forces and commercial interest alone. If we trust so implicitly in the market, clean technologies will not be affordable or accessible to those countries and people, who need energy most and are the fastest growing. The theme of this Conference should be inter-dependence and we must make the common development and sharing of cleaner technology a major recommendation if we are to sincerely pursue economic development with environment protection. Developed countries should contribute to sustainable development of the world by providing the requisite funding support for development of cleaner technologies in the public domain and for their adoption in the developing countries.

I wish for the successful conclusion of the Summit and hope the recommendations emerging from this summit would create the effective base for creating global consensus on this vital issue which is threatening the civilization.”



Source : PIB Press Release

Wind Engineer & Asst.Management Supervisor for pacifichydro

Wind Analyst Engineers
Rapidly developing industry sector
Power industry
Australia and Brazil
Pacific Hydro is a renewable energy company with an international focus based in Melbourne, Australia. The company’s core business is the development, construction and operation of renewable energy generation with hydro and wind projects using proven technologies in a commercially innovative way. Pacific Hydro is committed to leading the industry in environmentally responsible energy production and subscribes to a triple bottom line approach to business, focusing on sound financial, social and environmental outcomes.

Pacific Hydro is proud of its reputation as a company that successfully combines engineering excellence and superior environmental performance whilst maximising returns. The company views these as core components of its business strategy and an important source of competitive advantage.

We are looking at engaging two Wind Analysts, one in Australia and one in Brazil with a focus on the technical evaluation and analysis of wind farm developments. Responsibilities will include: evaluation of new wind energy regions, analysis of data for preliminary assessment and design of Wind Farms, due diligence on acquisitions of green-field development opportunities and operational Wind Farms. You will be required to provide technical support for planning, connection and construction works.

With experience in wind data processing and analysis and exposure to multiple project management, report writing and site inspections you will have the unique opportunity to work with projects from conception through their entire life cycle. We require candidates that have the experience to prepare wind and energy yield assessment reports.

You will require highly developed inter-personal and organisational skills, be a self-motivated and enthusiastic individual who is able to prioritise demanding workloads and pay attention to detail. Qualifications in science or engineering, experience with, WindPRO and WAsP combined with a renewable energy focus would be most desirable. English language skills essential. Portuguese advantageous for the Brazil based role.

This is an excellent opportunity for a dynamic, environmentally focused candidate to enter the rapidly growing renewable energy sector.

For further information please call James Simonsen . +61 407 533 593

Please forward applications with CV in confidence to New Energy Australia via eMail to quoting reference # NEA149.

Pls Check the details about the opening in the below link...

Wind Engineer, Brazil

Asset Management Supervisor, Wind

For More details

Wednesday, 15 October 2008

Meltdown impact: TCS to cut Q2 variable pay?

KOLKATA: Is a cut in variable pay in the offing for experienced staff at India’s biggest IT company Tata Consultancy Services (TCS)? There is a fear that TCS— which last resorted to such a step in the third quarter of 2007-08—may not pay employees upwards of trainees a portion of their variable pay for FY09 Q2 as part of an austerity measure forced by the global financial meltdown.

The apprehension is that employees, excluding trainees, may be denied the non-fixed portion of their variable pay for July-September 2008. Provided the fears come true, about 70% TCS employees or nearly 70,000 staff would be impacted by such a step.

Contacted for a response, a TCS spokesperson said: “We are now in a silent period and will be able to offer a clarity on this only after our Q2 results are announced.” Variable pay at TCS is divided into two components— a fixed portion which an employee is assured of at all times, and a changeable proportion which alters depending on the performances of the employee and the company.

For instance, if the variable pay of an employee is Rs 100, he is guaranteed the fixed part or Rs 70 under any circumstances . Whether an employee receives the balance Rs 30 or the changeable part would depend on not just how he had fared but also the company.

As part of a policy, TCS pays the fixed portion of the variable pay along with the employee’s salary every month. The non-fixed proportion of the variable pay for a particular quarter is paid along with the salary in the month which follows the end of that three-month period.

TCS’ decision to reduce variable payout for Q3 of 2007-08 was not announced in an email from the company top brass, but through a message posted on the organisation’s portal for employees. The move had kicked off a storm which forced the company to stop tinkering around with variable pay for the last quarter of 2007-08 and first quarter of 2008-09 .

Source : ET

GH provides due diligence for Doughty Hanson’s successful bid for Svendborg Brakes - 13th Oct 2008

Garrad Hassan, the worldwide renewable energy consultancy recently acted as Doughty Hanson’s Technical Advisor in its purchase of Svendborg Brakes for €460 million.

Garrad Hassan’s depth of knowledge and expertise in the wind industry provided significant strategic and commercial input into the due diligence process that supported the deal. The process was managed out of the consultancy’s Bristol office and utilised local staff in Hinnerup in Denmark, just a few miles from Svendborg’s headquarters.
Andrew Garrad, CEO of the GH Group, commented

“The wind industry is still primarily an assembly rather than a manufacturing business and there are therefore key component suppliers – Svendborg is one. We were very pleased to be able to support Doughty Hanson’s successful bid for this market leading company, particularly since we also acted in the same way in their purchase of LM Glasfiber some years ago. We have been increasingly involved in M and A activity over the past couple of years – we advised on transactions valued at €11,000,000,000 in 2007 alone. ”
Jan Amethier, Senior Principal at Doughty Hanson added:
"Our team again greatly benefited from Garrad Hassan's deep knowledge of the wind industry. While we, of course, already have strong internal sector expertise thanks to our LM Glasfiber investment, Garrad Hassan added significant insights specific to Svendborg Brakes' business and technology."

Vestas receives order for 99MW for Spain

Wednesday, 15 October 2008
Vestas has received an order for a total of 18 units of the V90-3.0MW turbine and 25 units of the V90-1.8MW turbine for two projects in Spain.

The contract comprises supply, installation, a VestasOnlineTM Business SCADA solution, as well as a five-year service agreement. The order has been placed by EDP Renováveis, which is the EDP Group's renewable energy company. The wind turbines will be for projects located in Terra Alta in the province of Tarragona, Catalonia. At the customer's request, details about the name of the projects cannot be disclosed.

Source : Windtech

Govt provides Rs 25K to financial institutions (Breaking News)

NEW DELHI: Close on the heels of major liquidity infusions by central banks around the world, the Reserve Bank of India, on Wednesday, has decided to provide Rs 25,000 crores for lending to financial institutions. Out of this Rs 7,500 crores will be provided to commercial banks and Rs 17,500 to Nabard.

Announcing the move, Finance Minister P Chidambaram said the governmnet will provide farm loan waiver of Rs 250 billion to banks immediately.

Source : ET

Great Move by TN Government - [Wish it not only for Political Advantanges]

T.N. MPs to quit if Centre fails to ensure ceasefire

R.K. Radhakrishnan
All-party meet sets two-week deadline for action on Sri Lanka

— Photo: S.R. Raghunathan

Serving an ultimatum: The all-party meeting convened by Tamil Nadu Chief Minister M. Karunanidhi in Chennai on Tuesday to discuss the problems of Sri Lankan Tamils.
CHENNAI: Members of Parliament from Tamil Nadu will have to resign if the Centre does not come forward to ensure a ceasefire in Sri Lanka within two weeks, according to a resolution adopted at an all-party meet chaired by Chief Minister M. Karunanidhi on Tuesday.

Asked if this meant Ministers in the Union Cabinet and MPs in the Rajya Sabha would resign in the event of the ceasefire not happening in two weeks, Mr. Karunanidhi told The Hindu that he meant that all MPs would tender their resignation. “Ministers are MPs first, are they not?” he asked.

The resolution reflected the collective mindset of the Tamils in the State following the large scale massacre of innocent Tamils in Sri Lanka, he said.

There are 39 MPs in the Lok Sabha from Tamil Nadu and one from Puducherry. Leaders of all the parties in the State that are represented in the Lok Sabha, barring the Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam which has the support of two members, agreed to abide by the resolution.

If the MPs from the State and Puducherry resign, the United Progressive Alliance government, which survived the confidence vote on July 22 by a margin of just 19 votes, would be reduced to a minority. The resolution binds senior members of the Union Cabinet including Finance Minister P. Chidambaram, Union Communications and Information Technology Minister A. Raja, Shipping and Road Transport Minister T.R. Baalu and Health Minister Anbumani Ramadoss.

The over three-hour meeting saw debates on whether the Centre should be given two weeks or less. While a few parties known for their vocal support of the Sri Lankan Tamil cause, such as the PMK and the Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi, suggested that a few days should suffice, finally Mr. Karunanidhi’s view on the issue found wider support.

The meeting was attended by all major parties, barring the AIADMK, the Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, the Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam and the BJP.

TNCC president K.V. Thangkabalu, State secretaries of the CPI and the CPI (M) accepted the view that the MPs should resign if a ceasefire was not in place in two weeks.

In other resolutions, the meeting demanded that the military hardware supplied by India to Sri Lanka not be used against the Tamil people and that the Centre intervene at once to stop the killing of innocent Tamils.

Source : The Hindu

TN- CM - Mr.Karunanidhi hopes Centre will cooperate on Sri Lankan Tamils issue

CHENNAI: Tamil Nadu Chief Minister M. Karunanidhi on Monday said “if the Sri Lankan government continues to ignore the Indian government’s warning to stop the attack on Tamils, we might have to find an answer to the question whether we have to be in power in the State.”

“I would like to convey this in a humble and polite way,” the Chief Minister said, addressing a public meeting to explain the party’s stand on the Sri Lankan Tamil issue.

Calling upon the Tamil leaders to come together to find a solution to the crisis in Sri Lanka, he urged the Centre to cooperate in this regard. “I hope it will cooperate. If we hope, we will win. If they cooperate, we will have a life. If they don’t cooperate, not only the Sri Lankan Tamils, but also the Tamils in Tamil Nadu, will perish,” he said.

Stating that the general council meeting of the party would discuss other ways to resolve the crisis, he expressed the hope that “the kind-hearted Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and UPA chairperson Sonia Gandhi” would help to find the ways and means to find a settlement.

He said the efforts taken by the Indian government should ensure that put an end to the genocide in Sri Lanka.

Mr. Karunanidhi recalled the resolution passed in the DMK’s general council meeting in 1956 expressing solidarity with the Tamils.

Source : The Hindu

For the first time ever in India – a unique two-day International Training Programme - 1st Oct 2008

Garrad Hassan, working in association with WISE (World Institute of Sustainable Energy), will be presenting two days of training in Chennai on 27-28 November, after the Wind India 2008 conference. The course will cover Wind Farm development and financing.

Registration is on first come, first serve basis for limited participants, and the last date for registration is 20 November. For more details about the training programme log on to or write to

The course will be presented by: Dr. Andrew Garrad (CEO and Founder of Garrad Hassan and Partners Ltd); Richard Whiting (Team Leader, Energy and Development Services, Asia within Garrad Hassan); Jeremy Parkes (Team Leader, GH Forecasting Services) and Frederico Tilman (Wind Resource and GH WindFarmer expert)

ABOUT WISE: The World Institute of Sustainable Energy (WISE), Pune, India is a not-for-profit organization set up in June 2004, with the primary objective of promoting sustainable energy, energy conservation, and sustainable development. In particular, the institution is committed towards addressing the shortcomings existing in the renewable energy sector in India, viz. lack of policy support and incentives, lack of legislative and research support, lack of qualified manpower, and lack of critical awareness that would lead to the transition to a sustainable energy-based economy. WISE has recently drafted a model draft renewable energy law for India and is advocating its adoption by Parliament. The activities of WISE thus aim to provide a major impetus to the development of the renewable energy sector in all Indian states.

Tuesday, 14 October 2008

Head EPC & Manager Design - For Auromira Energy Company Private Limited, Bangalore & Chennai

Auromira Energy Company Private Limited


Job Description: Candidate should be able to manage large teams and motivate them to achieve targets. Senior focal point for all customer contact including all customer requests, queries & concerns throughout contract life. Ensure Project milestones and commercial controls are achieved by effective planning including logistics and execution. Coordinate with various parties involved in project in such a way that the overall risk of failure is eliminated.

Experience: 8-15 years

Location: Bangalore, Chennai


Job Description: Civil Engineer/ Mechanical with experience in Structural hydraulics, gates, pip9ijng, rotating equipment, material handling system, boilers, hydro equipments, design, piping, etc..Experience in hydro power projects.

Experience: 8-15 years

Location: Bangalore

Send your resumes :

Sunday, 12 October 2008

Oil prices fall below $78 a barrel

Mirroring declines in stock markets worldwide, New York oil futures fell nearly $9 to dip below $78 a barrel Friday for the first time in 13 months, raising the prospect of $60 oil by year`s end.

The unrelenting declines in stock values, combined with increasingly bleak economic news, has oil traders backpedaling. The cost of light, sweet crude for November delivery closed down $8.83, or 10%, to $77.76 a barrel on the New York Mercantile Exchange.

Oil was last this cheap on Sept. 11, 2007, when it hit $76.92 a barrel. Oil peaked above $147 in July.Courtesy:Los Angeles Times


Enercon India Limited - More Openings

Please click here to check current openings

Source : EIL Website

Friday, 10 October 2008

Bush signs India-U.S. nuclear bill into law

It does not change fuel assurance commitments, he says

Historic Act: President Bush signs the United States-India Nuclear Cooperation Approval and Nonproliferation Enhancement Act during a ceremony at the White House in Washington on Wednesday. With him (from left) are Joseph Crowley and Eliot Engel, legislators; Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice; Senators Chris Dodd (partially visible) and John Warner; Energy Secretary Samuel Bodman; Indian Ambassador to the U.S. Ronen Sen; and Vice-President Dick Cheney.
Washington: Addressing India’s concerns over certain provisions in the United States Congressional legislation on the nuclear deal, President George W. Bush assured New Delhi that the new law made no changes in fuel supply commitments or the terms of the 123 agreement.

Signing the bill into law at a ceremony in the White House, Mr. Bush said, “the bill I sign today [on Wednesday] approves the 123 Agreement I submitted to Congress and establishes the legal framework for that agreement to come into effect.”

Maintaining that the bill was clear that the agreement with India was consistent with the Atomic Energy Act and other elements of the U.S. law, he said “the legislation makes no changes to the terms of the 123 agreement” sent to Congress and accepted on behalf of the U.S. all the obligations that were part of the accord.

In an apparent attempt to assuage Indian apprehensions, Mr. Bush said in a statement that “the legislation does not change the fuel assurance commitments that the U.S. government has made to the government of India as recorded in the 123 agreement.

The agreement also grants India ‘advance consent to reprocessing’ — which will be brought into effect upon the conclusion of arrangements and procedures for a dedicated reprocessing facility under IAEA safeguards.

“By undertaking new cooperation on civil nuclear energy, India will be able to count on a reliable fuel supply for its civilian reactors, meet the energy demands of its people and reduce its independence on fossil fuels,” Mr. Bush said.

“For our part, the U.S. will gain access to a growing market for civilian nuclear technologies and materials that will help American businesses create more jobs for our people here at home,” he said in a speech which was repeatedly applauded by the distinguished gathering of about 200 guests.

Mr. Bush’s signing of the bill into law paves the way for External Affairs Minister Pranab Mukherjee to ink the 123 Agreement with Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice on Friday evening (1.30 a.m. Saturday in India).

They could not sign the agreement in New Delhi last week as India waited for Mr. Bush to clear the law and for his assurances on commitments made earlier in the light of the Congressional law that has provisions under which the U.S. could terminate nuclear cooperation with India in case it conducted a nuclear test.

Describing Mr. Bush’s signing of the legislation into law a “new beginning” in bilateral ties, Indian Ambassador to the U.S. Ronen Sen said New Delhi’s concerns over certain provisions of the bill had been addressed.

“Absolutely,” remarked Mr. Sen when asked by reporters if the President’s address at the signing of the legislation met all of India’s concerns. — PTI

Source: The Hindu

Non-conventional Energy Park soon

Meera Srinivasan
Interesting range of exhibits to be displayed
The Rs.1.28-crore project aims at highlighting the importance non-conventional sources of energy

It is coming up at the rear of the Birla planetarium

CHENNAI: The Non-conventional Energy Park proposed by the State Government will come up at the Periyar Science and Technology Centre in the city by March next year.

“An interesting range of indoor and outdoor exhibits on non-conventional energy will be displayed here,” P. Iyamperumal, executive director of the centre told The Hindu.

The Non-conventional Energy Park, which will house the indoor exhibits, is coming up at the rear of the Birla planetarium.

An initiative of the Tamil Nadu Energy Development Agency, in association with the Tamil Nadu Science and Technology Centre and the Government of India, the Rs.1.28-crore project is aimed at highlighting the importance and effectiveness of non-conventional sources of energy.

“All the exhibits are ready. We have purchased solar panels from Tata BP Solar and BHEL. Once the construction is over, we will have the exhibits installed,” Mr. Iyamperumal added.

List of exhibits
The list of exhibits include an energy information kiosk, models on ‘energy past, present and future,’ ‘Story of energy,’ different types of solar cookers, solar water heating systems and solar desalination plant. Computer games and quizzes on energy will also be made available.

The scope of other sources of energy such as wind and bio-energy will be highlighted through models of windmills, an aero generator and an anemometer.

A bio-gas plant with fixed and floating domes and stimulated models of bio-mass gasifiers will also be displayed.

“Students will have good exposure to renewable sources of energy, as we will have models demonstrating the uses of tidal energy with exhibits of a tidal power generator, wave power generator, geo thermal energy, ocean thermal energy conservation system,” he added.

Apart from these, interactive exhibits of a battery operated bicycle, power-generating drum, solar weighing machine and instruments for measuring the sun’s temperature and radiation will also find a place at the Park.

Source : The Hindu

MCCI opposes TNEB move

To curtail power to HT consumers
CHENNAI: The Madras Chamber of Commerce and Industry (MCCI) has “strongly objected” to unilateral move by the Tamil Nadu Electricity Board (TNEB) to curtail power to HT consumers for about eight hours from October 9.

In a press release issued here on Thursday, the MCCI said the industry was already subjected to scheduled and unscheduled power cuts and hence they were unable to comprehend to the said circular.

Urging the TNEB to review the circular, MCCI president Srinivasan K. Swamy said “power cuts must be imposed if found necessary by TNEB. The industry cannot be held accountable for using the power available on the grid. In other words, it is unfair to expect the industry to voluntarily not utilise the power when it is available. The threat of cutting of the power supply is grossly unfair.

A spokesman for the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) said that the new rules were meant for commercial establishments and it would not harm large industries.

“The new circular is definitely detrimental to the growth of the State’s economy. The industry is already facing problems due to levy of fresh taxes and the fresh power cut during peak hours would mean more trouble,” said Hindustan Chamber of Commerce official.

Sindhi Chamber of Commerce president Gurmukh L. Kinger said “it will give lot of hardship to small dealers. The evening hour power cut will force everyone to go in for captive power system. Naturally, the cost will be transferred to end-customers, which will again add up to the cost. TNEB should reconsider long duration power cut. While we welcome fresh investments into the State, we should not neglect the existing industries.”

The representatives of Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry, Southern India Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Tamil Chamber of Commerce and Nasscom said they would react only after seeing the circular.

Source : The Hindu

“In principle” nod for unbundling of TNEB (Into Three Groups)

T. Ramakrishnan
Load shedding duration in areas other than Chennai extended
CHENNAI: The State government has given “in principle approval” to the Tamil Nadu Electricity Board (TNEB)’s proposal for re-organising the Board into a holding company and two subsidiary companies.

An order, issued by the Energy department on Wednesday, stated that the holding company would be called the TNEB Limited and the subsidiaries would be known as the Tamil Nadu Transmission Corporation Limited (TANTRANSCO) and the Tamil Nadu Generation and Distribution Corporation Limited (TANGEDCO). All the companies would be fully owned by the Government.

The order said that a steering committee headed by Principal Secretary (Energy) will be constituted. The committee, comprising TNEB chairman and Principal Secretary (Finance) or his nominee, would finalise a scheme of transfer of assets and liabilities to the proposed entities in six months.

It would submit the proposed scheme to the government for approval and notification.

On notification of the transfer scheme, the Board’s re-organisation would take effect.

Source says the government has sought time for extension of the deadline to restructure the Board, pending the completion of the work by the committee. [The present deadline expired on Thursday].

Three groups
The duration of disruption in power supply in areas other than Chennai would be four hours between 6 a.m. to 6 p.m., instead of three hours. All the consumers will be divided into three groups against the existing system of four groups. This would be apart from the existing arrangement of disruption in supply for one hour during evening peak hours (6 p.m.-9 p.m.) and for one and half hours from 9 p.m. to 6 a.m. In effect, the total hours of shut down would be six and half hours, instead of five hours now.

The circular has stated that if adequate relief is obtained owing to evening peak-hour restrictions that are placed on all consumers belonging to high tension (HT) category, except water supply systems, hospitals, milk chilling plants and continuous process industries, the one-hour power cut during 6 p.m. to 9 p.m. will be reviewed.

During the lighting peak hours, welding sets should not draw power.

Source : The Hindu

PhD scholarship - Optical Tomography in Combustion

The Optical Diagnostics Group at Plasma Physics and Technology Programme, Risø DTU invites applications for a PhD scholarship within the area of optical tomography in combustion.
Apply before: 30.10.2008 at 12:00 (noon)
Job description
The project concerns development of new optical emission/absorption tomography methods for combustion diagnostic to obtain 2D information about gas temperature and gas concentrations. It comprises a combined theoretical, numerical and experimental approach, with the possibility of participation in on-going projects. The aim is to develop tomographic methods for lab-scale as well as full-scale measurement in hot gas flows, e.g. diesel engine or exhaust, boilers and flames. The project will be based on in situ optically-based spectroscopic methods in infra-red (IR) and ultra-violet (UV) ranges to be developed at Risø DTU and, moreover, involves significant extensions and new developments in the field of optical tomography. In particular, the following problems will be addressed:

Optical properties of gases in IR and UV spectral region at high gas temperature and effect of pressure.
Development of software and algorithms for IR and UV optical emission tomography system and methodology for in situ spectra-resolved gas concentration and
temperature measurements.
Experiments on laboratory hot gas flow and data processing using a new infrared (IR) emission/absorption multi-channel spectrometer for simultaneous measurements of gas temperature and gas composition.
The work will be performed in close contact with other member in the group, partners and industry. The results should ultimately contribute to the extension of the group’s capabilities for in situ optical diagnostic in various combustive environments.
We offer an interesting and challenging PhD project in an international atmosphere.

You are expected to have a university or master degree. It will be an advantage if you have a good mathematical background and knowledge in solution of inverse ill-posed problems. Moreover, it is beneficial that you have experience in one or more of the areas: optics, gas spectroscopy, combustion physics and good numerical skills.

Terms of employment
You will be employed in accordance with the terms and conditions applicable to PhD scholarships at Risø DTU. The scholarship for the PhD degree is subject to academic approval, and the successful candidate will be enrolled in one of the general degree programmes of DTU. The position is for a fixed duration of 3 years.

We must have your online application by 30 October 2008. Please open the link "apply online" and fill in the application form and attach your application and CV. Please also attach your documentation of M.Sc.-degree, list of grades of your M.Sc.- and B.Sc./B.Eng.-education. In case of a non-Danish degree, please inform about highest grade and lowest passing grade of the grading system.

Further information
You are welcome to contact Head of Programme Jens Juul Rasmussen,, +45 4677 4537, Senior Scientist Sønnik Clausen,, +45 4677 4523 or Scientist Alexander Fateev,, +45 4677 4564.

You can read more about Risø DTU on

Risø DTU requires diversity and supports equal opportunities irrespective of sex and ethnic background.

Apply On line

Anna University to hold its State-level placement programme next week

Priscilla Jebaraj and Sruthi Krishnan
Gloomy forecast for mass IT sector placements this year
“Companies have been very selective this year, going to only top campuses”

“IT is no longer the secure and lucrative option, especially for core engineering students”

CHENNAI: Anna University will hold its second State-level placement programme (SLPP) of the year next week, when Infosys recruiters head for Coimbatore. Students who apply, for a fee of Rs. 750, must be aware that at the first placement programme held at Virudhunagar last month, in which Cognizant participated, only 15 out of 950 candidates were selected.

These statistics underline the gloomy picture for mass IT sector placements this year for engineering candidates, especially those in Tier II and III cities.

Last year, almost 1,500 students were placed through the combined State-level placement programme that Anna University organises especially for the benefit of bright students in less well-known colleges or remote locations.

The previous year, 20 companies conducted 55 placement sessions, recruiting 15,000 students.

This year, at a time when IT recruiting season is usually over, the grand total is two companies in one location each.

Dollar devaluation
“Last year’s dollar devaluation followed by the U.S. economic crisis in the last few weeks has led to this situation. IT companies are already delaying appointment orders for those they have placed. So, now, they want to delay fresh recruitment till the situation has stabilised,” says Anna University Vice-Chancellor P. Mannar Jawahar, adding that several companies have promised to re-examine the situation after the U.S. presidential elections. “This is a temporary phenomenon.”

IT major Wipro says they will not participate in the SLPP this year, considering their current requirements.

They added that they are “an ardent supporter of the programme” and if the situation changes, they will participate. Another IT major said it was not likely to take part in as many centres as in previous years.

“We are seeing a slump of at least 10 per cent in terms of number of companies and number of recruits per company,” says S. Mohamed Tajudeen, placement officer of Crescent Engineering College, adding that the situation is worse in Tier II and III colleges.

“Companies have been very selective this year, going to only the top campuses,” says Arun Ramaswami, placement officer at Velammal Engineering College. Industry sources confirm this trend.

Most of the mass hiring has gone to the best colleges, with 60 companies recruiting 2,500 students from College of Engineering, Guindy; Madras Institute of Technology and AC Tech, out of which Cognizant alone hired over 1,000 students.

Srinivas Kandula, HR head at iGATE Global Solutions, which will take part in the SLPP this year, agrees that quality is the key. In the current situation, IT services companies will move from the principle of maximisation to the principle of optimisation, he says.

Higher expectations
A placement officer from a Salem college confirmed that industry expectations are higher this year. For instance, the board examination cut-off percentage has been hiked from 60 to almost 75 in some cases.

Students have also changed their expectations. IT is no longer the secure, lucrative option, especially for core engineering students.

Infrastructure companies
At Velammal, all Civil Engineering students were placed in infrastructure companies. Mechanical engineering students in several colleges are willing to wait for automotive and other core companies, which have also started offering higher compensation packages.

“Students are once again considering security. Core companies offer a slow but steady job,” says Dr. Jawahar.

Source : The Hindu

Wednesday, 8 October 2008

Senior Scientist, PhD, Nini Pryds appointed Head of Programme in the Fuel Cells and Solid State Chemistry Division

Nini Pryds, age 46, is to head a new programme, TEK (Thermoceramics), which aims to develop and design a prototype of a magnetic refrigeration system. Also, there will be development of new thermoelectric ceramic materials which can be used to produce power from waste heat, for example in connection with fuel cells.

Since 2003 Nini Pryds has been leading Risø’s research within the area of thin film deposition, including complex oxides for SOFC (solid oxide fuel cells) applications. He has also worked on the modelling and characterisation of nano-materials.

Nini Pryds has been educated at the Ben-Gurion University in Israel and at DTU. He was employed as a PhD student in Risø’s Materials Research Division in 1994. After graduation he got a postdoc position at Risø, and in 2000 he became senior scientist.

Source : RISO

Farmers in Sanand welcome Tata's Nano project

AHMEDABAD: Farmers in villages adjoining Gujarat's Sanand have welcomed Tatas' decision to relocate the Rs one lakh-Nano car project there and ap
peared ready to give their land for construction of approach roads to the site.

After scouting many sites in Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh, the Tatas decided to set up the project at Sanand, near here, where the state government will give 1,000 acres land from the Anand Agricultural University (AAU).

"We welcome Tatas for setting up their Nano car plant in the state. There is no trace of objection from farmers of the villages around the site," Bharatbhai Vaghela, a farmer of Kalana village which is near to the AAU farm said.

"Farmers are even ready to give their land for approach roads to the site of AAU," Vaghela said, adding this is good for the area and the state.

"I am glad to make the sacrifice of my land for the Tatas project," another farmer-turn-industrialist Ravubhai Vaghela, who holds substantial land in Khoda and Naranpur village from where the approach road to the site is likely to pass, said.

The new project site was finalised last evening and a Memorandum of Understanding (Mou) between the Tatas and state government will be signed later in the day.

The site, just 30 kms from city, will be an ideal place for the Tatas as it has close connectivity to National Highway-8 connecting Rajkot and Ahmedabad.

Tatas Nano project faced a lot of resistance from farmers in Singur in West Bengal.

Source : ET

LN Mittal elected Chairman of World Steel Association

WASHINGTON: India-born steel czar Lakshmi Niwas Mittal was on Monday elected Chairman of the World Steel Association, representing about 180 steel
producers from across the globe.

The association's board of directors met in Washington to elect new office bearers for a year till October 2009, a statement from World Steel Association (worldsteel), which announced to have changed its name from erstwhile International Iron and Steel Institute, said.

Mittal was also elected as member of the worldsteel Executive Committee, while Naveen Jindal-led Jindal Steel and Power Ltd joined the association as its Associate Members in the category of steel companies producing less than 2 MT per annum.

Among the new Vice-Chairmen elected to the worldsteel were Ku-Taek Lee, Chairman and CEO, POSCO, Paolo Rocca, Chairman and CEO, Techint Group and John Surma, Chairman and CEO, US Steel. On behalf of the Board of Directors, Director General of the World Steel Association, Ian Christmas welcomed Mittal as the new chairman.

"The Board of Directors expressed their gratitude to Ku-Taek Lee as he completes his year as Chairman and gave a warm welcome to Lakshmi Mittal. We are delighted to welcome our new members on board," Christmas said.

"Since we were formed in 1967 the world for steel has substantially changed and so has this organisation. We are now a truly global body representing 18 of the worlds 20 largest steel companies, including six of the top 10 producers in China," he added.

Source : ET

Tuesday, 7 October 2008

PM announces $20 mn for Palestine

NEW DELHI: Affirming India's consistent commitment to the Palestinian cause, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on Tuesday announced an assistance of 2
0 mn US dollars to the Palestinian Authority and promised to do all New Delhi can to help it in all its endeavours.

Singh, who held wide-ranging talks with visiting Palestinian National Authority (PNA) President Mahmoud Abbas here, said India favours a negotiated settlement that could result in a "sovereign, independent, viable and united state of Palestine living within secure and recognised borders side by side at peace with Israel".

During the talks, Singh and Abbas discussed the West Asia peace process, with the Palestinian leader apprising the Prime Minister about the latest developments. The two sides also discussed ways to enhance cooperation between themselves.

Singh later announced an assistance of 10 mn US dollars (approx Rs 40 crore) to the Palestinian Authority as budgetary support to help it meet its immediate needs. India will also give 10 million US dollars as assistance for developmental projects, he said.

"India will continue to do all it can to assist Palestine in all its endeavours, including capacity building," Singh said while laying the foundation stone for the Embassy of Palestine here along with Abbas.

The Embassy-cum-residential premises in the diplomatic enclave of Chanakyapuri is being built by India as a gift.
Appreciating New Delhi's gestures, Abbas said "India is giving us support without us asking it... Whenever I come here, I am surprised to see more and more announcements of aid."

Source : ET

Oil falls below $90 as financial turmoil spreads

SINGAPORE: Oil prices fell to an 8-month low below $90 a barrel on speculation that the spreading financial crisis will exacerbate a global economic slowdown and cut demand for crude oil.

Light, sweet crude for November delivery was down $4.69 to $89.19 a barrel in electronic trading on the New York Mercantile Exchange by late afternoon in Singapore.

Oil prices have tumbled nearly 40 percent since peaking in July. The Nymex front-month contract last traded this low in early February.

The drop came as world stock markets plunged amid growing investor anxiety that the U.S. bad debt crisis is enveloping Europe. Germany announced Sunday a bailout package totaling 50 billion euros ($69 billion) for Hypo Real Estate, the country's second-biggest commercial property lender, part of a scramble by European governments to save failing banks.

"What happened over the weekend was further evidence of the spread of this financial crisis to Europe," said Victor Shum, an energy analyst with Purvin & Gertz in Singapore. "This deepens the sentiment that we're going to see a more widespread economic slowdown or even recession, and that's no good for oil demand."

Investors shrugged off Friday's approval by the U.S. House of Representatives of a $700 billion bailout package to buy bad mortgage debt, aimed at stabilizing the U.S. financial system.

Oil demand in the world's richest countries had already begun to slow since May, before the worst of the financial turmoil hit the United States last month, Shum said.

"The rescue plan should keep a complete financial meltdown from occuring," Shum said. "But the demand data is not encouraging. In the developed countries it's falling, and that's why we're seeing downward pressure on prices."

In other signs the meltdown is spreading, Belgian Prime Minister Yves Leterme said Sunday that France's BNP Paribas SA had committed to taking a 75-percent stake in troubled European bank Fortis NV. British treasury chief Alistair Darling said he was ready to take "pretty big steps that we wouldn't take in ordinary times" to help the country weather the credit crunch.

Investors will be watching if the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries moves to cut output should prices fall further.

Iranian Oil Minister Gholam Hossien Nozari said Saturday that it would be "unsuitable" for both producers and consumers for oil to dip below $100 a barrel. He called on fellow OPEC members not to pump too much oil and avoid a drop in prices.

"OPEC has signaled it may defend $80," Shum said. "There's uncertainty over what OPEC may do."

Traders were also watching currency movements as investors tend to buy commodities like oil to defend against dollar weakness and a hedge against inflation, but sell crude as the U.S. currency strengthens.

The 15-nation euro fell to $1.3590 in trading Monday from 1.3774 late Friday while the dollar dropped to 103.35 yen from 105.30 on Friday.

In other Nymex trading, heating oil futures fell 12.28 cents to $2.5392 a gallon, while gasoline prices dropped 9.83 cents to $2.13 a gallon. Natural gas for November delivery fell 17.2 cents to $7.186 per 1,000 cubic feet.

In London, November Brent crude fell $3.80 to $86.40 a barrel on the ICE Futures exchange.

Source : ET

Monday, 6 October 2008

5.7 quake rattles northwestern China: Report

BEIJING: A magnitude 5.7 earthquake struck a remote northwestern Chinese region early Monday, the US Geological Survey said.

The quake struck just after midnight in the Xinjiang region near China's border with Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. The center said the quake was at a depth of 21 miles (35 kilometers).

China's official Xinhua News Agency said the epicenter was located in Wuqia, southwestern Xinjiang, and there were no reports of casualties or damage.

The report said the quake was also felt by residents in the city of Kashgar, about 112 miles (180 kilometers) from Wuqia.

Source : TOI

IB to go hi-tech, get more manpower to fight terror

NEW DELHI: Intelligence Bureau — which has come under flak for its failure to keep tabs on tech savvy jihadis — is set for major revamp with the government recruiting 6,000 more spies to strengthen its existing cadre of nearly 25,000 personnel. The IB will also get modern gadgets to monitor cyber communication.

The idea is to turn the internal spy agency into a potent force to fight terrorists through effective intelligence in the age of modern communication systems. While new-age gadgets will give IB an edge through technology, the increased manpower will widen the scope for human intelligence (humint) — which played an important role in cracking recent terror attack cases.

The home ministry also plans to set up an exclusive "research & technology centre" within IB to keep a complete databank of terrorists and suspicious persons under one umbrella. The job of the new centre will also be to "research and analyse" the technological aspects of threats which have, of late, multiplied due to extensive use of the Internet by the new breed of educated terrorists.

"Widespread use of cyber technology — like Wi-Fi system — in the recent terror attacks, where terrorists of Indian Mujahideen (IM) had not only used it for sending emails but also for networking among their cadres for planning and execution of their operations, has forced us to rethink our strategy," said a senior home ministry official.

The plan for modernisation and increasing the strength of IB — which has already got Cabinet nod — came up for review recently when home minister Shivraj Patil asked the agency to complete the recruitment process of 6,000 additional spies, including technical and cyber experts, by next year. The emphasis in the meeting — attended by IB chief P C Haldar and home secretary Madhukar Gupta among others — was on impressing upon states to strengthen their special branches (intelligence wing) with the Centre helping them out with funds and expertise.

Referring to how new technologies were increasingly being used by jihadis for assembling bombs (using integrated chips for the first time in Bangalore and Surat operations) and networking among themselves through Internet, the official said, "Since terrorists the world over are using new communication technologies as 'weapon of mass influence' for the warfare, we cannot afford to function in the traditional way — even though it has its own importance."

Though the official did not disclose the kind of methodology being adopted to fight tech savvy jihadis, he mentioned the possibility of bringing certain changes in the Information & Technology Act to widen the scope of cyber intercepts, including snooping on text messages.

Indian cos may encash c-credits

MUMBAI: Indian companies, which are sitting on issued certified emission reductions (CERs) or carbon credits, are likely to unlock the value of their green certificates to release funds in the prevailing liquidity crunch.

What may prompt them to sell CERs is a concern that prices of CERs may mimic crude oil prices, leading to a downward price trend in the global market. CER prices have already declined from E22, over a month ago when crude oil prices had peaked at $147 per barrel, to around E19.

Recently, Mysore Cements sold over one lakh CERs issued to the company by the clean development mechanism (CDM) executive board of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

If CER prices are taken at E20 (around Rs 1,300), Mysore Cements is estimated to have received around Rs 13 cr for the sale of over one lakh CERs. Another company that is sitting on a bulk of CERs, is JSW Steel. ‘‘We are in the market to sell (CERs). But, we can get a better price. The price is currently ruling at E18-19, after the decline in oil prices. In the next few months oil could rise to a varying range of $90-120 per barrel. However, we do not expect it to go to the $147 levels,'' said JSW Steel finance director Seshagiri Rao.

JSW Steel was issued 7.4 lakh CERs by the CDM executive board for generating electricity through combustion of waste gases from a blast furnace and corex units at its Torangallu unit in Karnataka. This is seven times the amount issued to Mysore Cements. If one were to assume that JSW Steel finds a buyer willing to purchase the entire lot at the prevailing prices, the company could rake in close to Rs 100 crore.

In times of credit crunch, industry experts feel, selling carbon credits seems to be a good option of generating cash to meet working capital requirements. CERs are carbon offsets of international emission trading schemes implemented to mitigate global warming. Crude oil prices are currently trading at below $100 per barrel level.

According to CantorCO2e India, MD, Ram Babu, ‘‘CER prices are likely to prevail at current levels because of supply constraints. The slow process of project clearance and review at the CDM executive board level has resulted in a supply constraint. There is estimated to be a 50% reduction as compared to last year.''

Timelines for registration of Indian CDM projects have indeed lengthened. The average total time taken for Indian CDM projects to get registered at the UNFCCC takes over a year.

Source : TOI

Training programme to teach German in schools

Goethe Institute, Chennai, offers a five months German study programme for German language teachers. On completion of the training the participants will be qualified to teach in schools. This new course that combines German language learning and also teaching methodology, is part of the global initiative of the Goethe Institute called “Schools: partners for the future”. With a goal to build up a world wide network of at least 1000 partner schools through which to awaken young people’s interest in and enthusiasm for modern day Germany and German society.

Rebecca Rashid, project coordinator, for this project in Goethe Institute, Chennai, says that the schools in Chennai offering German as second language will be strengthened and extended. The initiative plans to support many schools with a broad range of services. “By providing additional courses, the initiative will help both the students and the teachers to acquire training with a long-term impact. The initiative will thus extend young student’s skills, prepare them for study in Germany and a subsequently career,” Ms. Rashid notes.

The main focus of this project is to support the member schools in developing or revamping German as a school subject.

“To our partner schools we offer modern multi-media learning materials and back ground study material, as well as technical tools if necessary and also assist the schools in ensuring high quality German language studies through additional training,” she adds. “Schools: partners for the future” provides an opportunity for the school students at an early stage to get acquainted with the German language and culture, says Ms. Rashid, adding that it will be of great help to those students who are keen on seeking admission in any of the German universities.

The German language teachers training to be offered by the Goethe Institute begins on October 13, 2008. “Our teaching programme is well-structured. It provides a 360 degree learning experience for the participants. They will learn three levels of German (A1 to B1) and also the teaching methodology. The course will focus on teaching methodology, writing, listening, reading, speaking, classroom observation (during field visits), intercultural skills and country and people,” informs Ms. Rashid. “Upon completion of the course, the best students will get placement assistance. The course in not only open to youngsters, but also for women who have taken a break in their career due to various reasons and also retired teachers who are looking for other career options,” she says.

The course will be conducted from Monday to Friday, 3.15 to 7. 30 p.m. and the course fee is Rs. 25,000. Participants need to take the B1 examination at the end of the course.

For more details, contact: Goethe Institute (Max Mueller Bhavan),

No 4, Rutland Gate 5th Street, Nungambakkam.

Phone: 28331314/28332343.



Source : The Hindu

Rapid reading: Further barriers to be overcome

More about the barriers to rapid reading and how to overcome them.

Remain focused: Determination holds the key to overcoming many of the barriers.
No barrier of the senses shuts me out from the sweet,

gracious discourses of my book friends.

— Helen Keller

Last week we listed eight reasons that make rapid reading difficult. There are many more of them. Our desire to read rapidly will be fulfilled, only if we identify the barriers and overcome them.

• Dislike for reading: It is difficult for you to become a rapid reader, unless you love reading. You have to be a motivated reader who enjoys reading. You should nurture a positive attitude towards reading. You would have seen people for whom r eading is as natural as breathing. It is a way of life for them. Though it may not be possible for all to fall into that category, you can cultivate an interest in reading. Often reading is a sheer necessity for discharging official duties. Normally, reading is our main source of information. If you have no interest, you will continue to be a slow reader. Generating interest in reading is the first step to speed.

• Poor vocabulary: If you desire fine comprehension along with speed reading, you should have a rich vocabulary. Every time an unfamiliar word appears, you cannot afford to run to a dictionary. You cannot develop a rich vocabulary overnight. There has to be sustained effort with the right goal in view. Special books for improving one’s vocabulary would suggest certain shortcuts. They may be followed. But that alone cannot help. Love for words is essential for developing one’s vocabulary.

• Lack of stamina: You may feel tired after reading for a few minutes, if you are not interested in reading. Even if you have interest, you may get tired after a few hours, especially if you are speed reading, which requires sharper concentration. You can however build up stamina in due course, by repeated effort. You should have the will to challenge fatigue as it sets in, and to continue reading. You try to maintain concentration, despite the feeling of physical exhaustion. Gradually you will improve your stamina.

• Word blocking: This is the habit of stopping at every unfamiliar word. This will prove to be a major obstacle to speed reading, especially if your vocabulary is not very good. A practical method is to guess the meaning of the strange word from the context and continue reading without losing the rhythm. Afterwards you may gather the exact meaning from a dictionary and confirm your guess or make corrections if found necessary.

• Lack of flexibility: Suppose you have planned to increase your reading speed from 200 words to 250 words per minute(wpm). You should realise that your objective is not to be able to read any passage at 250 wpm. That figure represents your average speed. You may have to increase or decrease the speed depending on the difficulty level of the passage. Some people have a habit of trying to maintain a constant speed of reading irrespective of the nature of the passage. This lack of flexibility is a serious barrier in ensuring satisfactory comprehension while reading fast.

• Back-tracking: Back-tracking or re-reading will slow your reading speed. This is different from regression. Owing to lack of confidence, the reader decides to go back and re-read the whole passage or a substantial part of it.

Try the Evelyn Wood technique, which is simply placing your right hand on the page and slowly bringing it straight down. This draws your eye down as you read. Go slowly and evenly, letting your eyes rake back and forth across the page as you go. Following your finger will prevent you from backtracking and keep you focused. This technique is only for practice. Once you get rid of the faulty habit, you start reading normally without the help of the moving finger.

• Too much of analysis: It is true that you should attempt the best possible level of comprehension. It does not imply that you have to analyse each word including its origin, or each idea to its logical limit. The broad objective of reading a passage should not be forgotten. Too much of analysis may slow your reading significantly, and it may even end up in ‘analysis paralysis’. Your approach has to be practical.

• Lack of concentration: Your mind should be totally focused on the subject. It should not wander. Since rapid reading demands full concentration to co-ordinate physical eye movement and for the complex processes of assimilation of ideas, there should be no laxity in maintaining concentration. Lack of concentration may be caused by absence of interest, attempting too high reading speeds, complexity of text, lack of motivation, physical pain or disabilities. If you feel that your concentration is waning, take a short break and then resume reading.

• Procrastination: A hangover from the habit of slow reading leads to the tendency to procrastinate or delay the reading process. You should jump headlong into rapid reading, without waiting for a better moment. If you feel that reading is a chore, you are likely to procrastinate. Face reading cheerfully. If the text is too long, divide it into parts and focus on one part at a time. Fix deadlines.

• Distraction: Keep away from the telephone before you start a long session of reading. Never play even soft music in the background. Ask others not to disturb you while you are reading.

• ADHD (Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or Hyperactivity): It is a disorder beginning in childhood and carried forward to adulthood. Restlessness, inability to remain seated, unusual impatience, difficulty in concentration, trouble in listening, daydreaming, inability to follow instructions, making careless mistakes, getting bored before finishing a task and switching to a second task before completing the first are some of the symptoms. Three per cent to five per cent of the population may have this problem. This has to be treated by medication or counselling.

We have listed various barriers to rapid reading. All these are relevant in any effort directed towards achieving reading speed. But advanced techniques become relevant only if basic requirements such as good vocabulary and a fair level of comprehension have been achieved by the reader. None can force another person to practise drills for increasing reading speed. Once the facts are presented, the desire should come from within the person. To make the practice easy, interesting stories or narratives should be selected. Complex prose or matter with diagrams may be avoided in the drill. What is most important is your determination for improvement. Perhaps you can schedule your practice at a particular hour each day, so that your self-imposed discipline forces you to practise regularly. During the initial phase, you may fear whether increased speed damages comprehension. Go ahead with a positive frame of mind; you are sure to achieve higher speeds through regular practice. You may also attempt rapid reading, while you handle the daily newspaper.

Source : The Hindu
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